Blood collection tubes are sterilized plastic or glass tubes used for the collection of blood samples, urine samples, and serum samples of patient for the diagnosis of blood related disease. There are various types of blood collected tubes such as sodium heparin blood collection tube, serum separating tubes, vacutainer blood collection tubes, plasma separation tube and EDTA tubes. Vacutainer blood collection tubes are available in different size such as 16mm*100mm, 13mm*57mm and 13mm*100mm. Vacutainer blood collection tubes is the blood collector system tubes which has the push button technology for safety mechanism promptly helps to protect the patient against needle stick injury. In such type of vacutainer blood collection tubes the blood samples are collected and stored safely. There are various forms of tubes with different functions such as green-top tube is a sodium heparin tube contains sodium heparin and is used for collection of heparinized plasma or whole blood for special tests, whereas, in grey-top tube (Potassium Oxalate/Sodium Fluoride) contains sodium fluoride as a preservative and is used to preserve glucose in whole blood and also contains potassium oxalate as an anticoagulant. Furthermore, EDTA tubes are of lavender-top and contains EDTA as an anticoagulant and is used for most hematological procedures whereas serum gel tubes contains a clot activator and serum gel separator and is used for various laboratory tests such as urine and glucose tests.
There are significant number of reasons of blood loss that includes the utilization of blood collection tubes such as accidents, childbirth and blood vessel rupture that can cause sudden blood loss whereas illnesses such as leukemia and cancer result in loss of blood cells. Also in some conditions when a heavy menstrual bleeding is observed there may be complications that can be fatal, in such conditions blood required by the subject can be provided by the help of blood collection tubes. In 2015, in the U.S. according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), around 3,978,497 births were registered and during the procedure blood collection tubes were used as a source of providing blood to the patient as during child birth a large amount of blood is lost that can be lethal for the patient.
Increase in number of surgical procedures and blood donation rate around the globe expected to favors the demand for blood collection tubes in the near future
North America is expected to account for largest share of the blood collection tubes market in 2016, mainly due to the rising prevalence of diseases such as HIV, hepatitis B and increase in number of surgical procedures such as knee replacement surgery, cataract surgery and many more. As per The World Bank stats, in 2012, number of surgical procedures performed in the U.S. were around 30,500 per 100,000 of population.
Also, the increase in blood donation rate is projected to support the growth of blood collection tubes market in the near future. As per World Health Organization (WHO), in 2013, 112.5 million blood donations collected globally and around half of these are collected in the developed countries such as the U.S.
Furthermore, in emerging countries such as Bangladesh, India and China, up to 65% of blood transfusions are given to children under 5 years of age; whereas in developed countries 75% of blood transfusion are given to the patient of age 65 years and over.
Also, as per WHO, in 2013, the blood donation rate was around 33.1 per 1000 population in developed countries such as U.S.,11.7 per 1000 population in middle-income countries such as India and 4.6 per 1000 population in low-income countries such as Afghanistan. Also, the blood donations were increase by 10.7 million in between 2008 to 2013.
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Key players for blood collection tubes market
The key players in the market are Greiner Bio-One, FL MEDICAL s.r.l., LP Italiana, Terumo Corporation, QIAGEN N.V and BD Vacutainer