A urinalysis is a test that measures elements found in urine, such as electrolytes, hormones, or waste products of metabolism. It is also called urine test and involves a number of tests to detect and measure various compounds that pass through the urine. This examination can help find problems that need treatment, including infections or kidney problems. A urine test includes three parts namely, visual exam, microscopic exam, and dipstick test. Its primary aim is to screen health conditions. The urinalysis is carried out as routine medical checkup, pregnancy check-up, pre-surgery preparation, or on hospital admission to treat various disorders. It may be used to screen for and/or help diagnose conditions such as a kidney disorders, urinary tract infections, liver problems, diabetes or other metabolic conditions, to name a few. Additional tests and clinical valuation are often required to further examine findings of urinalysis and finally diagnose the causes or specific features of core problems. For example, urine infection is generally identified based on results of urinalysis. Urine culture is frequently ordered as a follow-up test to recognize the bacteria that may be causing the infection.
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According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as of 2016, around 4.9 million people in the U.S. are diagnosed with kidney disease. The major factors that are driving the growth of market are escalating prevalence of kidney diseases and urinary tract infections, technological advancements, increasing adoption rate of point-of-care urinalysis devices, implementation of Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA), increasing healthcare expenditure and increasing senior citizen population.
Urinalysis Market Dynamics
According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), diabetes is one of the most common chronic diseases among humans, around 29.1 million people or 9.3% of the U.S population suffers from diabetes (2016). Increase in the prevalence of chronic diseases and geriatric population will give rise to prevention and cure for the chronic diseases, owing to the growth of urinalysis market. Emergence of portable and battery operated urinalysis devices and increase in implementation of urinalysis in emerging economic countries such as China, India and others, will create new opportunities for the urinalysis market. Integrated systems & urinalysis via smartphones and technological advancement present opportunities in the market.
High costs of R&D, implementation of excise tax by the U.S. government and stringent regulatory procedures are major factors that hinder the growth of the market. The large target population and the observed high, unmet clinical needs in the developing regions provide the market with a large pool of opportunities for prospective growth. To exploit on these opportunities, the development of diagnostic tools that can respond to these unmet clinical needs at reasonable price is mandatory.
Key players operating in the urinalysis market are Alere, Bio Rad, Roche Diagnostics, Mindray, Arkray, Inc., Sysmex, and Siemens Healthcare.
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