The US Supreme Court begins its new session on Monday in a delicate position, as a fierce battle is going on in the Senate over the confirmation of President Donald Trump’s appointment of Brett Kavanaugh as the ninth highest-ranked judge court of the country.
Conservative Justice Anthony Kennedy, who has more than once been on the side of Liberal judges, retired in July, leaving the remaining eight judges of the court, four Conservatives and four Liberals, in a difficult position to reach to a final decision in the cases they have to decide.
With eight judges instead of the usual nine, the court will hear Monday arguments in two cases.
Unlike previous years, where important cases awaited the start of the session to be tried, the cases that will be studied by the court are minor. The first is a property rights case involving the protected habitat of a frog threatened with extinction.
By next June, however, the court will have to consider a few cases of a slightly larger scale.
Landmark decisions in sight
Judges will have to consider whether a state and the federal government can both prosecute a person for the same crime.
They will also need to consider whether the Attorney General of the United States has too much authority to determine who the federal sex offender registry applies to, and whether a state can execute a convicted murderer, assuming that a series of strokes he forgot the crime.
The Supreme Court may also decide questions that it did not resolve at the previous session, such as whether or not to approve the constitutionality of the so-called “partisan manipulation” practice, which influences the drawing of cards. elections, or to decide whether traders can deny services to same-sex couples for reasons of religious beliefs .
Several other far-reaching cases are also under consideration in the lower courts and could make their way to the supreme court.
These include disputes over various restrictions on abortion in Republican-run states, whether the federal law prohibiting sex discrimination also prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation. and if President Donald Trump’s plan to restrict the entry of transgender soldiers into the military is applicable.